The application of distillation equipment in the process of distillation in alcohol formation is basically the separation of alcohol from water. The formation of alcohol involves the boiling of alcohol. Alcohol usually starts boiling at a lower temperature than water. As a result, when alcohol gets heated, the vapors of the alcohol start getting evaporated first and when they cooled down, the condensation liquid contains a higher proportion of alcohol in it. This distillation process in the formation of alcohol is completed with the process of column stills and pot stills. In the formation of alcoholic beverages, the process of the distillation involves after the process of fermentation is completed.
The process of distillation in the context of alcoholic beverages is the technique of making and forming alcohol. The same process of distillation with the help of distillation equipment is performed for the formation of perfume, oil, and also for the purification of water. The procedure of making alcohol through distillation is a complicated procedure. However, it follows a very basic and simple chemical process. The process involves boiling of ethanol before water. Ethanol starts to boil at a lower temperature than water. Therefore, the evaporation process of ethanol will happen first. In this technique, the fermentation of the liquid happens due to the fact that different liquids have different boiling points.
The boiling point of water is 100-degree Celsius, whereas the boiling point of ethanol is 78 degrees Celsius. Due to this, during the heating process, water and ethanol get separated from each other. As the evaporation time of water and ethanol is different, similarly the cooling time of water and ethanol is different as well. As they cooled down, they condensed again and converted into liquid form. However, the time of the liquid form conversion of both ethanol and water will be different and due to the time difference, we can easily separate them and collect them in different containers. The collected liquid which was converted first in the liquid form will have the higher ethanol concentration or you can say will have a higher proportion of alcohol in it as compared to the initial mixture of ethanol and water.
The distilled liquid of ethanol is collected in three phases, the first one is foreshots or it is also called the heads. The second phase is the heart and the last phase is known as the tails or you can also say the feints. The separation of the collection of distilled ethanol liquid into three phases is called a fraction. The distilled ethanol liquid which is collected in three fractions has different levels of congeners in each fraction. The heads and the tails’ fractions most of the time undergo the redistillation process because they consist of a very high level of alcohol and are too poisonous. As a final result, the alcohol formed is called spirit. The further procedure of distillation includes the pot still distillation and a column still distillation. The type of distillation depends on the type of spirit formed.
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